Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Effective real-time monitoring of high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) ablation is important for application of HIFU technology in interventional electrophysiology. This study investigated rapid, high-frequency M-mode ultrasound imaging for monitoring spatiotemporal changes during HIFU application. HIFU (4.33 MHz, 1 kHz PRF, 50% duty cycle, 1 s, 2600 – 6100 W/cm2 ) was applied to ex-vivo porcine cardiac tissue specimens with a confocally and perpendicularly aligned high-frequency imaging system (Visualsonics Vevo 770, 55 MHz center frequency). Radiofrequency (RF) data from M-mode imaging (1 kHz PRF, 2 s × 7 mm) was acquired before, during, and after HIFU treatment (n = 12). Among several strategies, the temporal maximum integrated backscatter with a threshold of +12 dB change showed the best results for identifying final lesion width (receiver-operating characteristic curve area 0.91 ± 0.04, accuracy 85 ± 8%, as compared to macroscopic images of lesions). A criterion based on a line-to-line decorrelation coefficient is proposed for identification of transient gas bodies.
© 2012 World Federation for Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Kumon, Ronald E.; Gudur, Madhu S.R.; and Zhou, Yun, "High-Frequency Ultrasound M-Mode Imaging for Identifying Lesion and Bubble Activity During High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound Ablation" (2012). Physics Publications. 31.