Title

Characterization of the Pancreas in Vivo Using EUS Spectrum Analysis with Electronic Array Echoendoscopes

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

4-2012

Publication Title

Gastrointestinal Endoscopy

Abstract

Background

Spectral analysis of the radiofrequency (RF) signals that underlie grayscale EUS images has been used to provide quantitative, objective information about tissue histology.

Objective

Our purpose was to validate RF spectral analysis as a method to distinguish between chronic pancreatitis (CP) and pancreatic cancer (PC).

Design and Setting

A prospective study of eligible patients was conducted to analyze the RF data obtained by using electronic array echoendoscopes.

Patients

Pancreatic images were obtained by using electronic array echoendoscopes from 41 patients in a prospective study, including 15 patients with PC, 15 with CP, and 11 with a normal pancreas.

Main Outcome Measurements

Midband fit, slope, intercept, correlation coefficient, and root mean square deviation from a linear regression of the calibrated power spectra were determined and compared among the groups.

Results

Statistical analysis showed that significant differences were observable between groups for mean midband fit, intercept, and root mean square deviation (t test, P < .05). Discriminant analysis of these parameters was then performed to classify the data. For CP (n = 15) versus PC (n = 15), the same parameters provided 83% accuracy and an area under the curve of 0.83.

Limitations

Moderate sample size and spatial averaging inherent in the technique.

Conclusions

This study shows that mean spectral parameters of the backscattered signals obtained by using electronic array echoendoscopes can provide a noninvasive method to quantitatively discriminate between CP and PC.

Volume

75

Issue

6

First Page

1175

Last Page

1183

DOI

10.1016/j.gie.2012.01.039

ISSN

1097-6779

Rights Statement

Copyright © 2012 American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.