Tomographic Reconstruction of Tissue Properties and Temperature Increase for High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound Applications
Ultrasound in medicine & biology
The acoustic and thermal properties as well as the temperature change within a tissue volume during high-intensity focused ultrasound ablation are critically important for treatment planning and monitoring. Described in this article is a tomographic reconstruction method used to determine the tissue properties and increase in temperature in a 3-D volume. On the basis of the iterative finite-element solution to the bioheat equation coupled with Tikhonov regularization techniques, our reconstruction algorithm solves the inverse problem of bioheat transfer and uses the time-dependent temperature measured on a tissue surface to obtain the acoustic absorption coefficient, thermal diffusivity and temperature increase within the subsurface volume. Numerical simulations were performed to validate the reconstruction algorithm. The method was initially conducted in ex vivo experiments in which time-dependent temperature on a tissue surface was measured using high-resolution, non-invasive infrared thermography.
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Kumon, Ronald E.; Yin, Lu; Gudur, Madhu Sudhan Reddy; Hsiao, Yi-Sing; Deng, Cheri X.; and Jiang, Huabei, "Tomographic Reconstruction of Tissue Properties and Temperature Increase for High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound Applications" (2013). Physics Publications. 23.