Wheat Germ Acid Phosphatase Activity in High Percentages of Organic Solvents
The FASEB Journal
While enzymes canonically operate in aqueous environments, several have been shown to also function in non-aqueous solvents and/or solvent mixes. Phosphatases, for example, have been previously shown to hydrolyze phosphates in mixtures containing modest amounts of certain organic solvents. Here, detecting the fluorescent dephosphorylation product naphthol AS-MX with fluorescence spectroscopy (ex: 388 nm, em: 512 nm) has shown commercial wheat germ acid phosphatase to be active in high amounts (up to ~70% by volume) of 1,4-dioxane, 1,2- dimethoxyethane, 2-methoxyethanol, dimethyl sulfoxide, and acetonitrile when the aqueous component was comprised of Tris buffer (pH 7). These solvent mixtures were also physically characterized to better understand differences in both relative naphthol AS-MX fluorescence and wheat germ acid phosphatase activity across the different solvent mixtures investigated. These results suggest that phosphatase activity can be detected with less water that previously published.
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Moorman, Veronica; Kindl, Evan D.; and Summers, Fiona N., "Wheat Germ Acid Phosphatase Activity in High Percentages of Organic Solvents" (2020). Natural Sciences Publications. 7.