Effects of Fatty Acid Surfactants on the Magnetic and Magnetohydrodynamic Properties of Ferrofluids
Journal of Applied Physics
We prepared Fe 3 O 4 magnetic nanoparticles having diameters of approximately 12 nm by chemical coprecipitation, which were coated with three different fatty acid surfactants: oleic acid, lauric acid, and myristic acid. From x-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, and Mössbauer spectroscopy measurements we confirmed that Fe 3 O 4 is the only phase present in the samples. The zero field cooled magnetization curves for the nanoparticles exhibit broad peaks, consistent with superparamagnetic blocking for the polydisperse samples, and a saturation magnetization smaller than that for bulk Fe 3 O 4 . Although there are minimal differences in the magnetic properties of the nanoparticles having different surfactants, we find significant changes in the hydrodynamic response depending on chain length. Hyperthermia measurements show considerably larger response for oleic acid-coated samples, while magneto-optical studies indicate that these samples have slower dynamics of aggregation under the influence of a dc field. These results suggest that the magnetohydrodynamic response of ferrofluids can be controlled by judiciously selecting appropriate surfactants.
© 2009 American Institute of Physics.
Regmi, Rajesh; Black, Correy; Sudakar, C.; Keyes, P. H.; Naik, Ratna; Lawes, G.; Vaishnava, Prem; Rablau, Corneliu; Kahn, David; Lavoie, Melissa; Garg, Vijayendra K.; and Oliveira, A. C., "Effects of Fatty Acid Surfactants on the Magnetic and Magnetohydrodynamic Properties of Ferrofluids" (2009). Physics Publications. 56.