Physics Presentations And Conference Materials

Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Publication Date


Publication Title

APS March Meeting

Conference Name

2008 American Physical Society


We have investigated the light scattering in DC magnetic fields from aqueous suspensions of Fe3O4 nanoparticles coated with tetra methyl ammonium hydroxide and γ-Fe2O3 nanoparticles embedded in alginate hydrogel. For Fe3O4 ferrofluid, anomalous light scattering behavior was observed when light propagated both parallel and perpendicular to the magnetic fields. This behavior is attributed to the alignment and aggregation of the nanoparticles in chain-like structures. A very different light scattering behavior was observed for γ-Fe2O3 alginate sample where, under the similar conditions, the application of the magnetic field produced no structured change in scattering. We attribute this difference to the absence of chain-like structures and constrained mobility of iron nanoparticles in the alginate sample. The observation is in agreement with our relaxation and dissipative heating results^1 where both samples exhibited Neel relaxation but only the Fe3O4 ferrofluid showed Brownian relaxation. The results suggest that Brownian relaxation and nanoparticle mobility are important for producing non-linear light scattering in such systems.

Rights Statement


Included in

Physics Commons