Title

Experimental Evaluation of CO Poisoning on the Performance of a High Temperature Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

9-2009

Publication Title

Journal of Power Sources

Abstract

We experimentally studied a high temperature proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell to investigate the effects of CO poisoning at different temperatures. The effects of temperature, for various percentages of CO mixed with anode hydrogen stream, on the current–voltage characteristics of the fuel cell are investigated. The results show that at low temperature, the fuel cell performance degraded significantly with higher CO percentage (i.e., 5% CO) in the anode hydrogen stream compared to the high temperature. A detailed electrochemical analysis regarding CO coverage on electrode surface is presented which indicates that electrochemical oxidation is favorable at high temperature. A cell diagnostic test shows that both 2% CO and 5% CO can be tolerated equally at low current density (0.5V) at 180°C without any cell performance loss. At high temperature, both 2% CO and 5% CO can be tolerated at higher current density (>0.5Acm−2) with moderate cell voltage (0.2–0.5V) when the cell voltage loss within 0.03–0.05V would be acceptable. The surface coverage of platinum catalyst by CO at low temperature is very high compared to high temperature. Results suggest that the PEM fuel cell operating at 180°C or above, the reformate gas with higher CO percentage (i.e., 2–5%) can be fed to the cell directly from the fuel processor.

Volume

193

Issue

2

First Page

691

Last Page

698

DOI

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2009.04.021

ISSN

2045-2322

Rights

Copyright © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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