Primary and Secondary Infiltration of Wetting Liquid Sessile Droplet into Porous Medium
Transport in Porous Media
The infiltration of a wetting droplet into the porous medium is a two-step process referred to as primary and secondary infiltration. In the primary infiltration there is a free liquid present at the porous medium surface, and when no fluid is left on the surface, the secondary infiltration is initiated. In both situations the driving force is the capillary pressure that is influenced by the local medium heterogeneities. A capillary network model based on the micro-force balance is developed with the same formulation applied to both infiltrations. The only difference between the two is that the net liquid flow into the porous medium in the secondary infiltration is equal to zero. The primary infiltration starts as a single-phase (fully saturated) flow and may proceed as a multiphase flow. The multiphase flow emerges as the interface (flow front) becomes irregular in shape. The immobile clusters of the originally present phase can be locally formed due to entrapment. Throughout the infiltration, it was found that portions of the liquid phase can be detached from the main body of the liquid phase forming some isolated liquid ganglia that increase in number and decrease in size. The termination of the secondary infiltration occurs once the ganglia become immobile due to their reduction in size. From the transient solution, the changes in the liquid saturation and capillary pressure during the droplet infiltration are determined. The solution developed in this study is used to investigate the droplet infiltration dynamics. However, the solution can be used to study the flow in fuel cell, nano-arrays, composites, and printing.
© 2010 Springer Nature
Markicevic, Bojan and Navaz, Homayun K., "Primary and Secondary Infiltration of Wetting Liquid Sessile Droplet into Porous Medium" (2010). Mechanical Engineering Publications. 174.