Automated 3D Printer Bed Clearing Mechanism

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Publication Date


Publication Title

SAE Technical Papers

Conference Name

WCX SAE World Congress Experience


The objective of this work was to design an automated bed clearing mechanism for the Anet brand A8 3D printer, which uses Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM) process. This work has been carried out as a capstone course. Many OEMs are focusing on using functional 3D printed parts to replace metal parts that otherwise require complex assemblies or to reduce weight. The concept behind the work presented in this paper was to allow every user to be able to print multiple parts without human interaction. This saves time to load and unload one part at a time. The idea was to develop a universal bed clearing mechanism that can be used for most brands of 3D printers. Upon researching into the many different styles and designs of printers, it became clear that the designs are different and complex to create a universal product. It was decided to aim for the most common style of 3D printers for which easy modeling and testing should be possible. Also, it was decided to explore two separate ideas for the design. The first design was a treadmill design that would rotate a conveyor belt and peel the part off of the belt. The second design had a pushing mechanism that would clear the entire glass bed and replace it with a new one. Both these machines use 3D printed parts that allows simplification of the manufacturing process and to fabricate better-optimized parts. Online data was used to determine the actual strength of these 3D printed parts, as their properties do not follow classically manufactured plastics. The electronics used to run both designs were Arduino brand microcontrollers. These controllers allowed the team to automate the movement of the system along with servos and small DC motors. Due to space limitations only the conveyor design is presented in this paper.

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