Impact of the degradation in service rate in MAP/PH/1 queueing system with phase type vacations, breakdowns, and repairs

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Annals of Operations Research


In many service systems, the service rates of the servers or the machines degrade over time due to a variety of reasons like fatigue, deficiency (due to manufacturing defect or energy loss, deformation, or excessive heat), and lack of proper maintenance. To make a service system beneficial for both customers and management points of view, it is imperative that models are developed to understand the impact of degradation. In this paper, we study MAP/P H/1−type queueing models incorporating degradation, failures/breakdowns and repairs. The degradation and to restore to normalcy in the service rate we look at two scenarios. In the first one, the service is restored to normalcy immediately after the server becomes idle or a fixed number of services is offered. In the second one, the restoration takes a random time that is modeled using a phase type distribution. Also, there are a variety of reasons that lead to failures/breakdowns of the server. We model these using (possibly) different phase type distributions. Both the models are studied analytically using matrixanalytic methods and illustrative numerical examples bringing out the qualitative behavior of the impact of degrading services are discussed. Two cost optimization problems whose solutions are obtained using particle swarm optimization technique along with a few illustrative examples are presented

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Electronic ISSN: 1572-9338


© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2023