Using d–q Transformation to Vary the Switching Frequency for Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor Drive Systems
IEEE Transactions on Transportation Electrification
The switching frequency is one of the most important control parameters of the dc/ac inverter. In most motor drives for transportation, it is set as a constant value at some specific torque or speed. The variable switching frequency pulse width modulation (VSFPWM), which changes the switching frequency cycle to cycle based on a current ripple prediction method, has been proposed in previous literatures and realized in resistance- inductance (RL) loads and induction motors (IMs). It proves effective to increase the overall system efficiency and improve electromagnetic interference (EMI) performance. However, the previous current ripple prediction method encounters difficulty in dealing with more complex motors, e.g., interior permanent magnet (IPM) motors, which is widely used in electric vehicles. As a result, the benefits of VSFPWM cannot be fully utilized for IPM drive systems. This paper proposed a new current ripple prediction method using the d-q transformation instead of the conventional Thevenin equivalent circuit method and successfully implemented VSFPWM to IPM drives. Simulation and experiments on a 400-V IPM test bench validated the effectiveness of the method, which will vary the switching frequency from cycle to cycle in order to 1) restrain the three-phase current ripples; 2) increase the overall system efficiency; and 3) enhance the system electromagnetic capability (EMC).
© 2015 IEEE
Yang, Fei; Taylor, Allan Ray; Bai, Hua; Cheng, Bing; and Khan, Ahmad Arshan, "Using d–q Transformation to Vary the Switching Frequency for Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor Drive Systems" (2015). Electrical & Computer Engineering Publications. 6.