Experimental and Analytical Study of the Transient Process of Infiltration/Exfiltration in Walk-in Coolers
Experimental method of tracer gas technique and Computational Fluid Dynamic (CFD) analysis are used to study the transient exfiltration/infiltration process into a walk-in cooler. Initially, the "natural exfiltration/infiltration" of cold air (through cracks and seals) in a walk-in cooler is measured to establish the baseline (sink term) for the CFD analysis and also correcting the experimental data because of the existence of natural infiltration at all times. It was found that the exfiltration of cold air from the cooler or infiltration of warm air into the cooler is a transient process never modelled or measured in the past. The time dependency of the process starts with an initial significant amount of cold air rushing out and its gradual decay depending on the duration of time that the door stays open. The hybrid modelling/experimental approach for different cooler's inside and outside temperatures will not only capture the transient behavior of the entire process, but also assists in accurate prediction of the cooling load.
Navaz, Homayun K.; Kamensky, Kristina; Dang, Anthony; Amin, Mazyar; and Faramarzi, Ramin, "Experimental and Analytical Study of the Transient Process of Infiltration/Exfiltration in Walk-in Coolers" (2013). Mechanical Engineering Publications. 162.