Title

Experimental and Numerical Study of Spread and Sorption of VX Sessile Droplets into Medium Grain-Size Sand

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

11-30-2009

Publication Title

Langmuir

Abstract

The experimental measurement and modeling of liquid chemical agent spread and sorption on a porous substrate are described. Experimental results with the nerve agent O-ethyl S-(2-diisopropylaminoethyl) methylphosphonothiolate (VX) demonstrate that the wetted imprint volume increases, even after the sessile drop volume is exhausted. This indicates the wetted imprint is only partially saturated, and a multiphase flow problem formulation is needed to predict the VX fate in porous substrates. Three characteristics and their changes in time: (i) sessile volume remaining, (ii) wetted imprint area on the sand surface where the droplet is deposited, and (iii) VX penetration depth into sand, are computed numerically and compared to experimentally measured values. A very good qualitative and quantitative agreement was found between the numerical and experimental results. These numerical and experimental methods can be used to determine the spread and sorption of hazardous materials into a variety of substrates.

Volume

26

Issue

5

First Page

3317

Last Page

3322

DOI

https://doi.org/10.1021/la903071q

ISSN

0743-7463

Comments

ESSN: 1520-5827

Rights

© 2009 American Chemical Society

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