Supplemetrary information for Sample preparation procedure using extraction and derivatization of carboxylic acids from aqueous samples by means of deep eutectic solvents for gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric analysis
Journal of Chromatography A
The paper presents a new procedure for the determination of organic acids in a complex aqueous matrix using ultrasound-assisted dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction followed by injection port derivatization and GC-MS analysis. A deep eutectic solvent (choline chloride: 4-methylphenol in a 1:2 mol ratio) was used both as an extracting solvent and as a derivatizing agent to yield ion pairs which were next converted to methyl esters of organic acids in a hot GC injection port. The procedure was optimized in terms of selection of a deep eutectic solvent, disperser solvent, and the ratio of their volumes, pH, salting out effect, extraction time, injection port temperature and time of opening the split valve. The developed procedure is characterized by low LOD (1.7-8.3 μg/L) and LOQ (5.1-25 μg/L) values, good repeatability (RSD ranging from 4.0 to 6.7%), good recoveries for most of the studied analyte (81,5-106%) and a wide linear range. The procedure was used for the determination of carboxylic acids in real effluents from the production of petroleum bitumens. A total of ten analytes at concentrations ranging from 0.33 to 43.3 μg/mL were identified and determined in the effluents before and after chemical treatment. The study revealed that in effluents treated by hydrodynamic cavitation an increase in concentration of benzoic acid and related compounds was observed.
© 2018 Elsevier B.V
Makos, Patrycja; Fernandes, Andre; Przyjazny, Andrzej; and Boczkaj, Grzegorz, "Supplemetrary information for Sample preparation procedure using extraction and derivatization of carboxylic acids from aqueous samples by means of deep eutectic solvents for gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric analysis" (2018). Chemistry & Biochemistry Publications. 55.