A possibility of extending analytical applications of chemically modified silica gels is described. This involves their utilization for the generation of gaseous standard mixtures consisting of methyl chloride as the analyte and nitrogen as a carrier gas to be used for the calibration of the GC-FID system. N-methylmorpholine was chemically bonded to the propylsilylated surface of silica gel forming chloride of an appropriate immobilized compound which, under certain conditions, undergoes thermal decomposition yielding a single, volatile component (methyl chloride). Such a method of generating specific amounts of a standard substance can be used both for a single point calibration and for checking the accuracy of an analytical instrument in a relatively wide measurement range. It was found that 3.40±0.081 mg of methyl chloride can be generated per 1 g of the modified gel.
Prokopowicz, M.; Lewandowska, K.; Skwierawska, A.; Przyjazny, Andrzej; Biernat, Jan F.; and Namiesnik, J., "Synthesis and characterization of modified silica gel as an intermediate in the generation of gaseous standard mixtures" (1997). Chemistry & Biochemistry Publications. 14.